Phineas BALDWIN[1, 2]

Male


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  • Name Phineas BALDWIN 
    Born Connecticut, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • according to his son's biography in Biographical review of Dane county, Wisconsin.
    Gender Male 
    Misc Aft 1783  Upper Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    • According to 'A History of Leeds & Grenville', John White and Asa Webster (Phineas Baldwin's future son-in-law) arrived in Canada in 1783, travelling through the woods via Vermont. They reached the St Lawrence at Morristown and built a raft with which they crossed over to survey the land. Phineas and Stephen Baldwin apparently arrived "a short while later".
    Misc 1789  [4
    petitioned to the District of Luneburg for land 
    • The following is a transcription of the petition:

      1789
      Phineas Baldwin
      Petition

      admitted June 26th
      1789 ~~~~~~~~

      No. 96 _ 200


      To the Hon. Commissioners for the Land Depart-
      ment in the District of Luneburg

      The Petition of Phineas Baldwin of Litchfield,
      most humbly Sheweth

      That your Petitioner Came in Last Spring
      in order to become an Inhabitant of this Pro
      vince and to avail himself of the Kings bounty,
      that he has always been attached to the
      British Gov’t & Persevered in a line of Conduct
      which he hopes will entitle him to the said boun
      ty he begs leave to offer as a proof thereof his vouchers. 
      Your Petitioner as in Duty bound shall ever pray.
      Edwardsburg 26th 1789                                          Phineas Baldwin


      Historical Note:
      Lunenburg district was created in 1788 and the district land board in 1789. This latter year is also when Lord Dorchester (Sir Guy Carleton) proposed "to put a Marke of Honor upon the families who had adhered to the unity of the empire, and joined the Royal Standard in America before the Treaty of Separation in the year 1783", resolving that Loyalists of this description and their descendants could be distinguished by affixing the letters U.E. (Unity of the Empire) after their name. The land boards were ordered to preserve a registry of such loyalists so that "their posterity may be discriminated from future settlers" and that their sons and daughters coming of age would receive grants of 200 acre lots.

      A list was later compiled from land board registers, provision lists and muster lists which became known as the 'Old U.E. List'.

    Residence BY Abt 1789  Upper Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [5
    • He arrived most likely after his wife's uncle Oliver Landon - who is supposed to have arrived somewhere between 1787-1789.

      A letter in the Land Board Minutes and Records of Luneburg District 1789-1792 now held in the Library and Archives Canada (film c-14027) reads:

      [unclear]... February 9th AD 1789
      These Certify that the within Named Persons
      are Loyal men and good Friends to Church
      and State and have never been active against
      Government
      To All Con[...]d
      Benjamin Kilborn
      Giles Kilborn
      Oliver Landon
      James Landon

      [over]

      These Certify that Benjamin Kilborn junr prayed [?]
      the Court of Enquiry the Ninth of September Last
      and left Luninburg before the Court Sat on the
      Eleventh November and wishes now to take the oath
      of Allegiance and have an Order with those that prayed
      the Court in November for Land in the Second
      Township below the Thames river being one of
      those in the List of Names that I left in your
      Honours hand
      Oliver Landon
      To Richard Duncan Esq. Luninburg Province
      Quebec
      NB there are a Number of good Men with Mr
      Kilborn for the Same township and a Number
      more coming soon Viz
      Peleg Bradley                     James Wright
      Phineas Baldwin                 Joseph Westover
      Henry Plumb                      Solomon Kilborn Junr
      H---s Smith                        Stephen Stone junr
      James Kilborn                    Wait Smith
      Seth Griswold                    S--n[Steven?] ---- [unclear]

      (Several of the names mentioned above are found in Sketches and chronicles of the town of Litchfield, Connecticut. The Benjamin Kilborn and Stephen Stone in the letter above may be the same men noted in the book who were assessed for having sons "gone to the enemy" in 1782 - see page 126. Giles Kilbourn may be one of the men mentioned on page 111 who "took off to join the ministerial army". Wait Smith may have stayed behind in Litchfield and may be the man who signed a petition in 1797 supporting the formation of an Episcopalian society, page 261)
    Misc 26 Jun 1789  Upper Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [6, 7
    was among 100 men granted 200 acres of land 
    Misc 1797  [8
    again petitioned for land, this time for 150 acres 
    • What is interesting about this petition is that it seems to be a different handwriting and signature from other samples of his writing. Son and daughter David and Sally also submitted their own petitions that year, and both appear to be in the same hand as Phineas's petition. In the petitions for David and Phineas, Phineas's name is spelt 'Phinehas'. Did someone else submit these petitions on behalf of the family, and why?

      Transcript of 1797 Phineas petition:

      His Honor Peter Russell Esquire Administrator
      of the Government of the Province of Upper Canada
      In Council
                                              U. E.
      The Memorial of Phinehas Baldwin
      Most Humbly Sheweth --
      That your Memorialist has a wife and 2 chil
      dren born previous to the Year ’89 which have drawn
      no Lands from Government – Humbly solicits your
      Honor in Council for a location of 150 Acres of Land
      in the Eastern District – And in Duty Bound
      will Ever Pray                                               Phinehas Baldwin
      Elizabethtown October 14th
      1797

      [on reverse:]

      Rec’d 4 Nov ’97
      Phinehas Baldwins
      memorial
      U.E.

      Rec’d 13 Nov 97
      Recom’d for 150 Ac
      family Lands
      Confirmed

      [on separate piece of paper with the above]:

      Grant to Phinehas Baldwin
      Family Land, 150 Acres

      [undecipherable signature]

      Order of Council
      13 Nov 97
      Attorney General

      [vertical text]

      The Location of this order is made as Lot No. 24 6 con. of Leeds Lansdown [?]
      [?] 21 Feb. 1818 [?]

      The Name of Phineas Baldwin has been suspended the U.E. list, therefore not entitled to privilege for his Family Lands.

    Residence 1800  Yonge Township, Leeds, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Possessions BY 1801  [10
    owned a tavern 
    Residence 1801  Yonge Township, Leeds, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Census 1802  Yonge Township, Leeds, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    • His household consisted of 4 people, a man, a woman, one female child and one male child. Son David is again in this census, this time with one adult man and one adult woman in the household. (Had David married by this time?)
    Misc 1802  Lansdowne, Upper Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [11
    In May 1802, the Quarter Session of the Peace at Johnstown granted Phineas the right to 'keep houses of public entertainment' for the year 
    Residence 1802  Yonge Township, Leeds, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    • In the census his household consisted of 4 people, a man, a woman, one female child and one male child. Son David is again in this census, this time with one adult man and one adult woman in the household. (Had David married by this time?)
    Census 1804  Yonge Township, Leeds, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    • The household consisted of 1 male between 16-60 (probably Phineas), one male under 16 (Daniel?), one Female under 16, and one female over 16.
    Residence 1804  Yonge Township, Leeds, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [12
    • In the census of that year his household consisted of 1 male between 16-60 (probably Phineas), one male under 16 (Daniel?), one Female under 16, and one female over 16.
    Misc From 1805  Leeds and Lansdown Front, Upper Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [13, 14
    name appears on census and land assessment records 
    • Names of wives appeared on the 1805 census and 'Sarah' is listed here with Phineas. The household consists of one adult male, one adult female, one male child and one female child. Since daughter Sally had married by this time, who is the female child?
    Possessions 1805  Front of Leeds and Lansdowne, Upper Canada Find all individuals with events at this location  [15
    is shown as a tavern owner on the census 
    Possessions BY 1805  [16
    owned land on lot 18 of the 2nd concession of Lansdowne Township which consisted of 200 acres. 
    Census 1806  Leeds & Lansdowne (Front) Township, Leeds, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    Residence 1806  Leeds and Lansdowne Front, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    • In the census his household contained one adult man and one woman, one male child and one female child.
    Census 1813  Leeds & Lansdowne (Front) Township, Leeds, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [17
    Residence 1813  Leeds and Lansdowne Front, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [17
    • Two other Baldwin households also appear in the census year with heads of households named "David S." and "Daniel L."
    Census 1819  Leeds and Lansdown Front, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    • There is again a total of 4 household members in this year including: one adult male and female, one male child and one female child. David S. Baldwin is not found in this census, probably having relocated to Clearville by this time. However Daniel L. Baldwin is still living in the area with a household of 5 (one male adult, one female adult, and 3 female children.)
    Residence 1819  Leeds & Lansdowne (Front) Township, Leeds, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • There is again a total of 4 household members in the census this year including: one adult male and female, one male child and one female child.
    Census 1821  Leeds and Lansdown Front, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    • His household in this census consists of 4 people, one adult man, one adult woman, a female child and a male child.
      Daniel L. Baldwin also appears, with a total of 7 in the household (one adult man, one adult woman, one male child, two female children, one male servant and one female servant).
    Misc A biography for Julius Baldwin states that his grandfather Phineas Baldwin died at the age of 42. This seems unlikely.  [2
    • His name appears in the Leeds & Lansdowne front census until at least 1821. If he died soon after then he was probably at least in his sixties at the time.
    Misc appears in several census records of Early Upper Canada  [9
    • Transcriptions of early Canadian census show Phineas residing in Yonge township from about 1800, generally with a household of four occupants: one adult man, one adult woman, one male child and one female child. David Baldwin, presumably Phineas's son, also appears by 1800 as a single member of his own household, but by 1802 David's household contained an additional adult female. He had perhaps married by this time. By 1805, both families appeared on the census of Leeds and Lansdowne front. Phineas's family still contained 4 individuals as before (adult male, adult female, female child and male child.) The names of wives were taken in this census, and Phineas's wife 'Sarah' is listed in the household. In the year 1813, Phineas still appears with the same household configuration. David Baldwin is listed again, and another Baldwin household appears this time under the name Daniel L. Baldwin. By 1819, Phineas and Daniel still appear in Leeds and Lansdowne front but David is missing. From other records, we know that he moved to Clearville by this time. Phineas appears once again in 1821 with again the four household members. He does not appear again in 1824, but Daniel does. The online transcriptions are incomplete and consulting the originals may tell us more about the lives of the three Baldwin families.
    Misc is listed on the "Old U.E. list" as a settler who 'did not join before 1783'. He was later expunged from the list  [18, 19, 20, 21
    Misc is mentioned briefly in a biography of his grandson Phineas  [1
    • Part of the biography reads:

      "The great grandfather of our subject spent his entire life in Connecticut. He reared three sons, all of whom served in the Revolutionary war. The grandfather of our subject married in Connecticut, from thence moved to Canada and settled near Bellville, where he spent the remainder of his days. The name of his wife was Sarah Landon..."

      This implies that Phineas was one of the three sons who served in the Revolutionary War. No indication has been found so far that he served in any kind of military capacity in the Revolution.
    Misc was probably a resident of Litchfield in Connecticut, before leaving for Upper Canada after the Revolution  [22
    Residence 1821  Leeds & Lansdowne (Front) Township, Leeds, Upper Canada, British North America Find all individuals with events at this location  [9
    • His household in this census consists of 4 people, one adult man, one adult woman, a female child and a male child.
    Person ID I7032  My Family
    Last Modified 29 Jul 2017 

    Father David BALDWIN,   b. 1701, Stratford, , Connecticut Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1783  (Age 82 years) 
    Mother Sarah CORNELL OR COGWELL,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 6 Nov 1727 
    Family ID F90223  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Sarah LANDON,   b. 10 Mar 1756, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. near Morpeth, Ontario, Canada Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married BY PROB 1775  Connecticut, British America Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • (Their daughter and first known child Sally being born in that year).
    Children 
     1. David S. BALDWIN,   b. Abt 1779, Connecticut, United States Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Aug 1854  (Age ~ 75 years)
     2. Sally BALDWIN,   b. Abt 1775,   d. 23 Feb 1849  (Age ~ 74 years)
     3. Daniel L. BALDWIN,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Family ID F90149  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - - Connecticut, British North America Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - BY PROB 1775 - Connecticut, British America Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMisc - Aft 1783 - Upper Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsResidence - BY Abt 1789 - Upper Canada Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMisc - was among 100 men granted 200 acres of land - 26 Jun 1789 - Upper Canada Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Photos
    Phineas Baldwin's signature
    Phineas Baldwin's signature
    from Alistair Fraser 2010
    In a book passed through his family
    An Extract from the Journal of John Nelson
    New York: Jon Wilson and Daniel Hitt, for the Methodist Connection, 1809

    inscribed "Phineas Baldwin, his book"

    Phineas Baldwin, father of David S. Baldwin, brother of Sally Webster

  • Sources 
    1. [S2737] Book: Biographical review of Dane county, Wisconsin, p 384.

    2. [S2741] www - rootsweb.ancestry.com (Bio of Julius), viewed; 2010; Julius Baldwin bio transcribed from "Commemorative Biographical Record of the Counties of Rock, Green, Grant, Iowa and Lafayette Wisconsin," 1901 Union Publishing; pp. 404-405.

    3. [S2761] book: History of Leeds and Grenville Ontario, viewed; 2010; p. 53.

    4. [S2875] Upper Canada Land Petitions (1763-1865) RG1 L3, Library and Archives Canada, "Phineas Baldwin land petition", 1789; vol 67 petition 26, B Misc. 1788-1795 microfilm C-1634.

    5. [S3131] Library and Archives Canada: Land Boards of Upper Canada 1765-1804 (RG1 L4), "Recommendation for the Peopple from Litchfield"; vol 10, film C-14027, pp 18-19.

    6. [S3131] Library and Archives Canada: Land Boards of Upper Canada 1765-1804 (RG1 L4), List of petitioners addmitted as settlers June 27 1789; C-14027 vol 9 Luneburg District Minutes 1789, p6.

    7. [S3131] Library and Archives Canada: Land Boards of Upper Canada 1765-1804 (RG1 L4), "List of petitioners sworn and examined June 26 1789"; C-14027, vol 10 Luneburg District Minutes 1789-1792, p 91 & 97.

    8. [S2875] Upper Canada Land Petitions (1763-1865) RG1 L3, Library and Archives Canada, "Phineas Baldwin of Elizabethtown petition for land 1797"; Vol 30, Bundle B3, Petition 195 of film C-1620.

    9. [S2743] www - Rootsweb Ontario Gen Web's Census Project, viewed; 2010; Leeds & Lansdowne censuses.
      only misc years of the censuses were available online at time of viewing and had not been proofread. There appeared to be some errors in the online transcription, so originals should be consulted.

    10. [S2762] www - Rootsweb - Leeds & Grenville Genweb, viewed; 2010; Exerpts from Johnston/Leeds & Grenville Court of General Sessions of the Peace minute books (from Ontario Archives MS 699 reel 1 transcribed by Maridel Crawford-Brown) - 'Pheneas' Baldwin one of several innkeepers called to take out a licence in Quarter session of the Peace 28 April 1801).

    11. [S2762] www - Rootsweb - Leeds & Grenville Genweb, viewed; 2010; Exerpts from Johnston/Leeds & Grenville Court of General Sessions of the Peace minute books (from Ontario Archives MS 699 reel 1 transcribed by Maridel Crawford-Brown) .

    12. [S2743] www - Rootsweb Ontario Gen Web's Census Project, viewed; 2010; Leeds & Lansdowne censuses.

    13. [S2805] E-mail: CS to LW - Baldwin family, Baldwins; 20 December 2010; Baldwin Research; from: microfilms MS 2551 and 2552 from the Ontario Archives.
      CS consulted the census and assessment records on microfilms MS 2551 and 2552 from the Ontario Archives

    14. [S2743] www - Rootsweb Ontario Gen Web's Census Project, viewed; 2010; Leeds & Lansdowne censuses.
      No doubt Phineas resided in the area earlier than 1805 however this is the first census of Leeds and Lansdowne front that has been transcribed and placed online by June 2012. Only misc years of the censuses were available online at time of viewing and had not been proofread. There appeared to be some errors in the online transcription, so originals should be consulted.

    15. [S2805] E-mail: CS to LW - Baldwin family, Baldwins; 20 December 2010; Baldwin Research; from 1805 & 1806 census.
      CS says by 1805 ownership of a tavern was a ratable category on the assessments (undertaken in order to collect taxes for local improvements and district expenses). After 1806 this category is removed. Phineas is shown as a tavern owner in 1805 and 1806

    16. [S2805] E-mail: CS to LW - Baldwin family, Baldwins; 20 December 2010; Baldwin research.
      Caren found this in land records.

    17. [S2743] www - Rootsweb Ontario Gen Web's Census Project, viewed; 2010; Leeds & Lansdowne censuses.
      (note, details of this census including household members appear to be transcribed incorrectly by the transcription volunteers - originals should be consulted).

    18. [S2764] United Empire Loyalists' Association of Canada transcriptions of old UE list, viewed; 2010; Phineas Baldwin in the loyalists directory.

    19. [S2765] book: The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada by the United Empire Loyalists 1784-1884, copy of the "Old U.E. list"; Appendix B, p 134.
      "Baldwin, Phineas, Lansdown, A settler - did not join before 1783 R.J. D.G." (who or what is RJ & DG?)

    20. [S2772] Ontario Provincial Archives: Old UE list, The Old UE list vol 2; film of parchment bound volume; Volumes RG 1-515-0-0-2 (list of loyalists to be removed according to Inspector General James Baby, 1823); Loyalist expunged from the old UE list.

    21. [S2772] Ontario Provincial Archives: Old UE list, The old UE list vol. 1; Volumes RG 1-515-0-0-1 (list of loyalist from land claims) list of land claimants and muster rolls; a list of land claimants including Phineas Baldwin "Baldwin Phineas a settler did not join before 1783".

    22. [S3131] Library and Archives Canada: Land Boards of Upper Canada 1765-1804 (RG1 L4), Recommendation for the Peopple from Litchfield; c-14027 vol 10 Luneburg District Minutes p18-19.



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